Japanese gov is putting penalty on farmers who quit farming for the risk of radiation


Farmers who quit growing vegetables not to spread the radiation is pressed by the government.
In Dateshi Fukushima, agricultural committee belonging to Date city government defined the farms as abandoned farm where the owner stopped farming not to grow radioactive crops.
When the farm is defined as abandoned farm, the owner can no longer obtain new and cleaner farm. This seems to be a pressure for the farmers to grow crops even though there is a risk of radiation.

The air dose is 3 microSv/h in the farm of Dateshi, which is 20mSv/y. Farmers can’t even farm for the risk of breathing hot particles.
According to Agricultural Land Act, when natural disaster hits the farm, it is not defined as abandoned farm. Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan states generally speaking, this case would be categorized as natural diaster. However, agricultural committee, which is given the right to define, talks, it would be unfair if they don’t define it except for “highly radioactive” hot spots.

Because of the lack of media literacy, farmers are thinking they can farm if someone decontaminate the farms. They are expecting the way to put the contaminated surface of the soil into deeper underground though it causes more severe contamination to the ground.
They also think the nuclide to cause the contamination is only cesium, they are waiting for the 30 years of half life time to pass. The way of decontamination is not decided by the local governments.


米から国の基準を上回る放射性物質が検出された福島県伊達市で、土壌汚染や被ばくへの懸念から耕作できなかった農家に対し、市農業委員会が田畑を耕作放棄地と扱う通知を出した。「農地として適切に利用されていない」として耕すよう指導。一月中旬に通知を受けた同市の小野寛さん(51)は「耕すと放射性物質が土に混ざる」と困惑している。 (中崎裕)
<原発事故による耕作規制> 農林水産省は昨年、避難区域と土壌調査で1キログラム当たり5000ベクレルを超える地域の米の作付けを制限。伊達市は対象外だが、避難区域に近い地域では米から国の暫定規制値(1キログラム当たり500ベクレル)を超えるセシウムが検出された。規制値は1キログラム当たり100ベクレルに引き下げられる見込みで、農水省は今年も作付け制限を検討。除染方法は、表土を地中深くに埋めるなど農水省がいくつか案を示しているが、最終的には自治体が方法を決めることになっている。

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