スクリーンショット(2011-11-05 20.32.21)

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  1. Ransomnote
    Ransomnote 27 November, 2011, 16:52

    I had a hard time reading the PDF on my computer. Here is the same text of page 87:
    Publication Title: Chernobyl
    Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment
    Published: THE ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (Founded in 1817)
    Chapter Title: Yablokov: Nonmalignant Diseases after Chernobyl
    Page: 87

    The analysis of remote, decades-old data,
    from the southern Ural area contaminated by
    radioactive accidents in the 1950s and 1960s
    indicates that low-dose irradiation in utero,
    which was similar to that from Chernobyl, may
    cause impairment of neuroendocrine and neurohumoral
    regulation. Using those data, researchers
    reported vertebral osteochondrosis,
    osteoarthritic deformities of the extremities, atrophic
    gastritis, and other problems in the exposed
    population (Ostroumova, 2004).
    An important finding to date is that for every
    case of thyroid cancer there are about 1,000
    cases of other kinds of thyroid gland pathology.
    In Belarus alone, experts estimate that up to
    1.5 million people are at risk of thyroid disease
    (Gofman, 1994; Lypyk, 2004).
    From the data collected from many different
    areas by many independent researchers, the
    spectrum and the scale of endocrine pathology
    associated with radioactive contamination are
    far greater than had been suspected. It is now
    clear that multiple endocrine illnesses caused
    by Chernobyl have adversely affected millions
    of people.

    5.4. Immune System Diseases
    One result ofmany studies conducted during
    the last few years in Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia
    is the clear finding that Chernobyl radiation
    suppresses immunity—a person’s or organism’s
    natural protective system against infection and
    most diseases.
    The lymphatic system—the bone marrow,
    thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, and Peyer’s
    patches—has been impacted by both large
    and small doses of ionizing radiation from the
    Chernobyl fallout. As a result, the quantity
    and activity of various groups of lymphocytes
    and thus the production of antibodies, including
    various immunoglobulins, stem cells, and
    thrombocytes, are altered. The ultimate consequences
    of destruction of the immune system is immunodeficiency and an increase in
    the frequency and seriousness of acute andchronic diseases and infections, as is widely observed
    in the Chernobyl-irradiated territories
    (Bortkevich et al., 1996; Lenskaya et al., 1999;
    and others). The suppression of immunity as
    a result of this radioactive contamination is
    known as “Chernobyl AIDS.”
    On the basis of review of some 150 scientific
    publications the conclusion is that depression
    of thymus function plays the leading role
    in postradiation pathology of the immune system
    (Savyna and Khoptynskaya, 1995). Some
    examples of adverse effects of Chernobyl contamination
    on the immune system as well as
    data showing the scale of damage to the health
    of the different populations are described in
    what follows.

    5.4.1. Belarus
    1. Among 3,200 children who were examined
    from 1986 to 1999 there was a significant
    decrease in B lymphocytes and subsequently
    in T lymphocytes, which occurred within the
    first 45 days after the catastrophe. In the first
    1.5 months, the level of the G-immunoglobulin
    (IgG) significantly decreased and the concentration
    of IgA and IgM as circulating immune
    complexes (CIC) increased. Seven months after
    the catastrophe there was a normalization
    of most of the immune parameters, except for
    the CIC and IgM. From 1987 to 1995 immunosuppression
    was unchanged and a decrease
    in the number of T cells indicators was
    seen. A total of 40.8 ± 2.4% of children from
    the contaminated territories had high levels of
    IgE, rheumatoid factor, CIC, and antibodies
    to thyroglobulin. This was especially prominent
    in children from the heavily contaminated
    areas. The children also had increased
    titers of serum interferon, tumor necrosis factor
    (TNF-a), R-proteins, and decreased complement
    activity. From 1996 to 1999 T cell
    system changes showed increased CD3+ and
    CD4+ lymphocytes and significantly decreased
    CD22 and HLA-DR lymphocytes. Children
    from areas heavily contaminated with Cs-137
    had significantly more eosinophils, eosinophilic

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